Many prostate cancers are slow growing and may not need surgery or other radical treatment. Active surveillance (which is regular monitoring) is now a common treatment option for men with low risk, low grade prostate cancer.
A surgical approach to treating prostate cancer will remove all of the prostate gland. Typically, men with early-stage disease or cancer that’s confined to the prostate will undergo radical prostatectomy – removal of the entire prostate gland, plus some surrounding tissue. Advances in surgical technique allow men to stay in the hospital one to two nights on average. Other surgical procedures may be performed on men with advanced or recurrent disease.
Radiotherapy involves the use of various types of X-rays (radiation) to treat cancer.
Prostate cancer cells are like other living organisms, meaning they need fuel to grow and survive. Because the hormone testosterone serves as the main fuel for prostate cancer cell growth, it’s a common target for therapeutic intervention in men with the disease.
It is important to understand that it is possible to deal with the two most common side effects of treatment for prostate cancer – incontinence (involuntary leakage of urine) and erectile dysfunction (difficulty achieving or maintaining an erection). The prostate is situated just under the bladder and is surrounded by the nerves that control erections, which is why surgery, radiotherapy and other treatments commonly cause these side effects at least temporarily. If the problems don’t go away there are now many medical and surgical treatments available to cure incontinence and erectile dysfunction.
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